Strengthening the Sector

 Strengthening the Sector

This component aims to strengthen the Sector through appropriate interventions.

World bank will support MCIT to develop the capacity of the public sector to integrate IT further in its programs, while also accelerating the development of the private IT sector. It includes four activities. First, it will include support to create an IT sector development strategy and the required legal and regulatory instruments to support that strategy.

Second, it will support one or two pilot programs for G2C service delivery to complement the work on mobile applications. These programs could use the already deployed District or Village Communication Networks (DCN, VCN) to provide citizens with access to forms, documents, or information that might not be delivered over the mobile telephone platform.

The third activity will be support to MCIT to design and set up the ICT Village through PPP mechanisms. Finally, this component will enable the creation and training of a core CIO/e-Leadership cadre that includes members from across Government.

1.National Internet Registry of Afghanistan

To improve allocation and registration services for the Asia Pacific Internet community, the regional Internet Registry, APNIC (Asia Pacific Network Information Center) provides for the establishment of National Internet Registries (NIRs) within economies of the region. This structure enables registry services to be provided in the local language and culture, allowing better services to ISPs requiring Internet resources.

National Internet Registry of Afghanistan (NIRA) would be not-for-profit, Government organization responsible for providing the service of allocating and registering Internet resources (such as IP addresses and Autonomous System number).

This entity will be responsible to provide registry services in the local language and culture, allowing better services to LIRs (Local Internet Registry) and ISPs (Internet Service Providers) requiring Internet resources. Such an Afghan Internet registry will allocate IP address space, autonomous system numbers, and other identifiers that might from time to time be appropriate, maintain databases of registry information, make appropriate views of the databases (for example, DNS, WHOIS, registration of Internet resources) which will be available publicly and tasks to be performed that are expected of an Internet Registry.

Objectives of the activity are:

  • Establishing the NIRA in Ministry of Communications and IT
  • Promoting faire and equal access to public Internet resources and its internetworking technologies in Afghanistan by maintaining and evaluating effective administrative process necessary for operation of the global Internet.
  • Supervision of public Internet resources (IPv4, IPv6, and Autonomous Number,) in Afghanistan

NIRs (National Internet Registry) have long existed within the APNIC (Asia Pacific Network Information Centre) structure and have fulfilled an important role in serving organizations within their respective countries or economies. APNIC has NIRs in China, Korea, Indonesia, Japan, Taiwan, and Vietnam, while the LACNIC has NIRs in Brazil and Mexico.

NIRA can satisfy the need for procedures and services that take account of local cultural differences; however it is important to note that NIRA must operate in a way that is consistent with regional and global resource management policies. It is also essential that NIRA is neutral, open, and transparent in all their operations.

The National Internet Registry of Afghanistan (NIRA) would be a not-for-profit wing of the Ministry of Communications and IT (MCIT), established with the aim to carry out the functions of managing, allocating, supervising and promoting the use of Internet address, autonomous system number (ASN) in Afghanistan; providing Internet-related guidance, statistics; joining international activities on Internet.

2.Incubator Program and Skills Development

World bank, in order to support sustainable applications creation and the development of a local IT sector, is likely to support an incubator and skills development program. These programs will build linkages with local telecommunications firms and ministries’ IT departments to drive demand for skilled workers and incubated businesses.

3.Skills Development Program for Universities and Private Institutions

Afghanistan has a very small and nascent ICT sector.  It needs to adopt innovative strategies to increase the ICT skills in the private sector and leverage opportunities emanating from projects and programs being implemented in Afghanistan by the Government, private sector and donor agencies.  It will be necessary for the following skills to be developed in the Afghanistan.  The three-pronged approach is defined as follows:

  • CHART skills (Communication, Heuristic, Analytical, Relational and Technology): focus on foundational skills needed in the ICT sector
  • SMART Skills (Software, Mobile, Application, Research and Technology) : focused on IT industry
  • START Skills (Start-up, Training through Association with Remote Teams): focused on entrepreneurship and cutting edge technologies.

The objective of this activity is to develop and implement a detailed business plan for a program to develop skills for IT-based services in Afghanistan. The program will have multiple components, including a skills assessment, building partnerships with the private sector and designing the training programs and a pilot rollout. T he consultant will work with multiple stakeholders including the MCIT, Education, lead academic and training institutions in Afghanistan, local and multinational companies and agencies/ NGOs based in Afghanistan and with the ICT sector association.

Scope of activity

  1. Conduct an initial skills gap assessment
  2. Develop a detailed business plan that will spell out the investments required for different components of the program together with clear timelines, responsibilities and a plan off execution.
  3. Establish a private sector led initiative for the development of smart skills. The initiative should feed into improvement of curriculum design, forging of international/ regional partnerships, sourcing of content from companies and universities including the use of open source content from leading universities. Work closely with the private sector to establish and run the program.
  4. Establish a program of entrepreneurship in IT.
  5. Establish linkages with training institutes in Afghanistan and the region.
  6. Help in designing linkages with ICT companies in the country so as to develop a core talent pool that can be deployed in the mobile applications areas.
  7. Work closely with various stakeholders in Afghanistan in designing the plan.
  8. To assist with detailed project design activities in the area of Skills for the IT/ITeS industry;
  9. Discuss with stakeholders, and taking into consideration implementation of similar projects, develop detailed implementation arrangements for project implementation;
  10. Assist in coordinating public-private dialogue between government, academia and industry associations; and
  11. Work with the Government and World Bank team to develop the draft Project Appraisal Document’s (PAD) sections on Skills.