This component aims to strengthen the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology so that it can meet the current and future challenges and do it role efficiently and effectively. This component will be implemented through the following sub-components:
The recent evolution of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and the substantial innovation in the sector have resulted in a significant increase in productivity as well as the emergence of a wealth of new goods and services. Keeping organizational information assets secure in today’s interconnected computing environment is a true challenge that becomes more difficult with each new “E” product and each new intruder tool. Realizing the need for information security and reliability MCIT calls for establishing ISD (Information Security Directorate). The aim of establishing ISD is to develop a common understanding among all stakeholders on the nature and implementation of information security measures in Afghanistan. ISD can rapidly respond to contain computer security incident and recover from it. Another aim of creating ISD will be to establish relationships with other CERTs (Cyber Emergency Response Teams) and security organizations, which can facilitate the sharing of response strategies and early alerts to potential problems.
The objectives of the activity is:
Proposed action plan will be
Even the best information security infrastructure cannot guarantee intrusion or other malicious acts will not happen. When computer security incidents occur, it will be critical for an organization to have an effective way to respond.
The speed with which an organization can recognize, analyze, and respond to an incident will limit the damage and lower the cost of recovery. ISD can be on-site and able to conduct a rapid response to contain computer security incident and recover from it. ISD may also have familiarity with the compromised systems and therefore be more readily able to coordinate the recovery and propose mitigation and response strategies.
ISD can focus attention on security, and provide awareness training to the constituency. It can also provide expertise to do preventive and predictive analysis to help mitigate against future threats.
ISD will assist the Ministry of Interior, Attorney General Office and Supreme Court in investigating, gathering the forensics and supporting the prosecution during court related to cyber crimes.
The Ministry of Communications and IT is the core body to promote, design, implement and adopt ICT in the country. In order to establish the basis for Government Wide Information Technology (GWIT) leadership and decision-making, EGRC will establish the CIO culture within the government. This will help (i) focus on coordination across Government related to various funding sources and the private sector, (ii) focus on Return on Investment (ROI) related to both expenditure and information models, (iii) creates and maintains strategy and planning models for GWIT and aligns it to GWIT resources, (iv) Implements uniform IT Governance based on world class models,(v) establishes policies and procedures for Investment Management to include budget preparation and management, requirements, procurement, vendor selection, and asset management, (vi) establishes Project Management methods and metrics, (iiv) Establishes an Enterprise Architecture for GWIT, (iiiv) Uses e-government to enhance citizen knowledge, contact and services.
Afghanistan has made considerable progress in the adoption of ICT for governance and development and is committed to E-Government transformation. Adoption of CIO concept and structure in the public sector of Afghanistan is a natural next step in its E-Government transformation process. Though the country has over the last several years taken important steps towards ICT adoption in the government and in the society in general such as expansion of telephone infrastructure, development of legal and regulatory framework, establishment of ICT and E-Government standards and frameworks, expansion of ICT infrastructure and systems etc and indeed the expansion of ICT skills within the government and outside there is need for establishment of the organizational and institutional structure within the government that would create the important institutional base to carry forward the E-Government agenda of the Government. Adoption of CIO concepts and structure is one of the most important steps to be taken in this regard. The following course of action is recommended.
MCIT will recruit 10 CIOs through this project and will deploy them in 10 Ministries during the time frame of the project. These CIOs will be empowered by the ICT Law; they will ensure that the line ministries adopt the policies and standards and also obey the e-Gov and IT audit procedures, which will help the EGRC to maintain good inventory of ICT platforms and products across the government agencies. EGRC will revisit them on time-to-time bases to ensure the platforms are being used properly and there is no misuse of the system. This will guarantee the investments from the donor funds and as well from the development budget of the government.
1973 ITU in collaboration with UNDP had established a very well equipped “Telecommunication Training Centre, TTC” in Kabul Afghanistan. At that time the TTC had been recognized as an especial junior college by Ministry of Education of Afghanistan to train the students at Telecommunication Technicians level. According to the TTC curriculum, 9th grade students of high schools were admitted to the TTC and after 5 years of successful studying and passing 14th grade they could be graduated as telecommunication technicians. This center was the only educational institute for training telecommunication experts in Afghanistan.
Most of the existing technical staff of Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies (MCIT) are graduates of this center or were trained in this center.
At the beginning of the new era in Afghanistan, the Ministry of Communications and IT included development of human resources among its highest priorities. Development of human resources in communication and information technology plays a significant and important role in the reconstruction and development of the country both from social as well as economical point of aspects. In fact, telecommunication is the key ingredient of economic development. The whole process of development of this sector depends on the availability of trained and qualified people in the market. The huge task and challenge in reconstruction of Telecom sector and its modernization, depends on training young Afghan students and full capacity development of the existing staff that have been disconnected from the new era of the information and communication technology and the advances made in the last two and a half decades.
Information Communication Technology Institute (ICTI) is established in 2007. It is a well-equipped institute with a new curriculum. In Afghanistan, each academic year starts on March 21st and lasts for nine months in a form of two semesters (four months and half each) and academic holiday is in winter for three months and the academic year ends in November. Presently, a total number of 209 students are studying at ICTI; 58 out of whom are freshmen, 55 are sophomore, and 62 are junior and 34 are senior students. There are 10 female students; ICTI tries to encourage more girls to get admission in this Institute. All students are introduced to this Institute by Ministry of higher education according to their grade in the national entrance exam for universities.
Ministry of Communication and IT presents this four-year educational assistance project request formulated to help MCIT to further strengthen this newly established ICT Institute to the donor community.
The main objective of this project is providing capacity building facilities to the lecturers of ICTI and academic enhancement of ICTI lecturers and technicians with following details:
It is expected that at the end of “Four-Year Educational Assistance Project” i.e. at the end of 2014, the ICTI instructors will have enhanced their technological knowledge to be able to conduct their relevant academic courses without outside assistance.
The following outputs are expected under this project: