Telecom's Sector Recent Achivements

 Mobile phone Services

  • Due to successful plans and strategy of Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MCIT) since 2003 through the end of 2014, 90% of residential areas have been taken under telecommunication and information coverage.
  • To date, there are 23.21 million mobile phone users in the country.
  • Approximately 2,413,610,672.34 US dollars have been invested in the sector.
  • Annual revenue from telecom sector to the state over 200 million dollars.
  • In ICT sector 204,000 individuals, including professionals, non-professional, businessmen, and telecommunication equipment vendors are provided job opportunities.

GSM ASOSSIATION GLOBAL AWARD

Ministry of communication and information technology of Afghanistan with properly designed and effectively implementation of its policies and because of rapid improvement and good governance of telecommunications services in the country, gained the GSM Association the Global Leadership Award at 2011. And it was presented to the Minister of Communication and Information Technology H.E. Amirzai Sangin on behalf of the Afghanistan government.

 DEVELOPMENT OF OPTICAL FIBER NETWORK

  •  First phase: the extension of optical fiber network in the southern provinces (470) km.
  • With installation of SDH switches, the fiber optic project from Logar to Ghazni has been inaugurated.
  • Paktia to Paktika: switched installation is completed and inaugurated.
  • Paktia to Ghazni: with installation of switches and joining has been completed and it is ready to inaugurate.
  • With installation of SDH switches the extension of fiber optic to Mohammad Agha district of Logar province has been completed.
  • Second phase: extension of optical fiber cable to central and north-eastern provinces (1000) km founded by the World Bank.
  • 90% OSP equipment are provided.
  • Fiber optic ISP equipment have been received and are maintained in Mahtab Qala.
  • HDS devices have been installed in Kalafgan site of Takhar province, Keshm and Faizabad districts of Badakhshan, Khanabad and Taluqan, these devices connect Kunduz to Taleqan and Khanabad to Kunduz province.
  • about 29 km digging and piping of optical fiber cable Charikar to Shinwari sites, 5 km Shinwari to Siagird, 24.5 km- Shiber to Shikhabad, 23.5 km Bamian to Shiber, 48 km -Bamian to Yakoulang, 12 km from Yakoulang to Panjab, 4km - Panjab to Warath, 1km from Nili to Shahrestan, 146km from Kunduz to Takhar, 32 km from Aliabad - Khanabad, 44 km to Khanabad to Taluqan, 47 km from Taluqan to Kalafgaan, 19.7 , Kalafgaan to Kishm, 80 km , Kishm to Faizabad have been completed.
  • By the end of 1393 technical work such as installation of fiberglass, digging and piping of cable of Taliqan, Kishm, Aliabad and Khanabad is completed and HDPE Cable is transmitted.
  • 8 sites of Roshan Telecommunication Company.
  • 8 Universities of (Faryab, Hirat, Jawzjan, Samangan, Baghlan, Kunduz, Parwan Provinces and Kabul Polytechnic) are connected to National Fiber Optic Network.

AFGHAN TELECOM

  • Afghan Telecom is the first public company, which was established in 2005.
  • Afghan Telecom provides fixed line, mobile telephone and internet services.
  • The revenue of the company was 6.74 billion AFN and total expenditures were 4.06 billion AFN in 2014.

INTERNET SERVICES

  • 51 Internet companies have been issued licenses to provide internet services.
  • High speed internet services of DSL have been activated in major provinces.
  • About 3 million people or 10% of the population in the country have access to the internet services.
  • The price of internet services via satellite was 5000 USD for 1Mbps in 2002, but by the introduction of fiber network such high price has been reduced gradually to 67 USD for GSM & ISPs operators
  • 3G services are active in more than 25 provinces, thus 3G users has been rapidly increased to 697.000.
  • MCIT announced the cost of 1Mbps internet service for 300 USD in 2012, and have been recently announced the cost of 1Mbps internet for 67 USD, current price of 1Mbps internet services is 67 USD.

 

INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE (ICTI)

  • The previous Telecommunication Training Center (TTC) has been promoted to a degree awarding institution which is called Information and Communication Technology Institute (ICTI). ICTI trains engineers for the telecom and IT sectors.
  • Through this Institute, 194 students were graduated in last four batches. Fortunately, most of the graduates have been employed in their fields.

POSTAL SERVICES

  • There are 464 Post Offices through the country.
  • Beside National postal services, seven private companies have been licensed to provide postal services.
  • Afghanistan Postal Regulatory Authority (APRA) has been established to regulate and control the companies which provide postal services in the country
  • 461 post boxes have been distributed to the people.
  • The total income 153932458 AFN or 2.700 Million USD has been generated by the postal services during the last fiscal year.

AFGHANISTAN TELECOMMUNICATION REGULATORY AUTHORITY (ATRA)

  • ATRA with main aim to control and monitor the services was established on June 2006.
  • ATRA is issues licenses to telecommunication and IT based companies operating in the country.
  • ATRA takes action against companies and individuals who misuse telecommunication services.
  • ATRA has collected 150 Million AFN from companies and individuals who violated the telecom regulations.
  • ATRA has seized 50 illegal SIM Boxes which were operating illegally in the country
  • Over sixteen companies which provided telecom or IT services without proper licenses have abandoned. Legal action took place against such companies.
  • ATRA is controlling and filtering the immoral use of internet services provided by 9 internet companies and 35 internet clubs, 9 billboards and 35 communication antennas.
  • In Six towers of prisoner’s directorate in order control and monitor the transmission of telephone tower presidency 6 basic jumpers have been installed.
  • Monitor and control the quality of service from mobile telecommunications companies (wimax-CDMA-3G-2G) by the Dive test in  provinces of Kabul, Parwan, Kapisa Panjshir, Mazar-e -Sharif, Jalalabad, and Baghlan have been implemented . 

MEDIA

  • ATRA has been issuing licenses to companies which provide radio and television services.
  • Currently there are 68 television channels in the country, 35 in the capital and 33 in the provinces.
  • The number of radio stations is 174 in the country, 47 in the capital and 127 in the provinces.
  • By the installation of Satellite (Afghan Sat 1) the issue lack of frequency has been solved.
  • MCIT in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture will introduce guidelines for the broadcasting companies.

COVERAGE AREA

  • Currently 89% of residential areas of the country is under coverage. We intend to cover 95% area with Telecommunication Development Fund (TDF) to the end of 1394. The fund is established for developing telecommunication service in rural areas and villages.
  • Telecommunication companies pay 2.5 percent of their income to the Telecommunication Development Fund.
  • The TDF fund has grown to 74 million USD so far.
  • More than 55 sites will receive the services which will be subsidized by TDF in the next two year in the country.
  • 100 additional sites are planned to be installed in near future with the main aim to introduce telecom and internet services to remote areas.
  • We intended to bring all remote areas under coverage of telecommunication service within coming three years.

3G SERVICE (THIRD GENERATION)

  • The aim is to provide the broadband services via new 3G technology to all around the country.
  • The process of issuance license for operators which offer 3G services has started. Five licenses have been issued to operators such as Etisalat, MTN, Roshan, AWCC and Salaam. The cost of each license is 25 million USD, which have credited to the Ministry of Finance.
  • We plan to increase the users of 3G from 10% to 50% at the end of 2015.

ELECTRONIC IDENTITY (ID) CARD

  • Electronic ID card is a document that cannot by forged and helps to reduce or eliminate corruption. e-ID card may also lead to transparency in the election process.
  • To the Electronic ID card project, following steps have been conducted:
  • The agreement between the Ministries of Interior and MCIT has been approved by cabinet of Afghanistan.
  • MCIT will provide technical support of Electronic National ID (e-NID) project.
  • The Ministry of Interior Affairs will implement this project.
  • Advanced technology will be used to establish the system of e-NID.

ELECTRONIC GOVERNMENT

The aim of E-Government is to provide better service, improve live level of people and establish strong efficient and transparent government. The following aspects of E-government will be very important for Afghanistan:

  • Establishing ICT Policy
  • E-health
  • E-learning
  • Information Technology programs for farmers.
  • Development policy of information technology industry
  • e- Government strategy & Mobile governance strategy
  • Cyber security policy & Cyber security strategy
  • e- Signature and e- information law
  • Cyber-crime law & Information technology and communication law
  • Afghanistan National Data Center (ANDC).
  • Study and design of e- address system of Kabul city
  • HOSA – government service platform through mobile
  • 30 e – services through mobile
  • Afghanistan – Tech Time (Gazette) & DEWAE- innovation
  • E – Governance resource center
  • Website system of public organizations administrations
  • ICT capacity building program
  • ICT in schools , ICT in hospitals , ICT Town
  • AfgREN Afghanistan Research Education Network
  • Afghanistan Portal & .af Afghanistan’s internet code activity
  • Afghanistan’s rapid response cyber team and cyber security center
  • Internet trading center & PKI e- signature center
  • Innovation center (for young entrepreneurs, IT training centers in provinces
  • Creating e-ID system.

IT DEPARTMENT PLANNED ACTIVITIES

  • Creating software affirmation and standard offices to strengthen software industry.
  • Creating by contract market for e-commerce services (BPO)
  • Creating support center for Afghanistan National Data Center
  • Creating ICT skills training centers to 300 according market’s need.
  • Establishing criminal technic laboratories for studying cybercrime.
  • Training of 200 government employees in cyber security.
  • Training of 200 government employees in the field of e- government.
  • Launching of e- signature services
  • Exhibition of IT industry
  • Launching of e- ID
  • Creating MIS for driving licenses and vehicle registration.

DIGITAL TELEVISIONS

  • MCIT has a plan to establish digital television network country wise in the near future.
  • The Digital television programs has been started in Kabul and will start broadcasting to all the provinces via digital network in next three years.

SATELITE

  • Afghanistan has been launched the satellite by the name of (Afghan Sat 1) allocated a specific slot in the orbit which can used to place a satellite.
  • Attempting for nationwide coverage MCIT plans to lease that slot where companies can place a satellite in that location.
  • MCIT signed the contract with the awarded Eutelsat Company was awarded the contract.
  • The Afghan Satellite named Afghan sat 1. It has been installed and it is already in use.